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Understanding Mesothelioma: The Condition Defined

Mesothelioma is a debilitating and deadly cancer that has struck down thousands of people over the last decade or so. This fast growing and deadly cancer is believed to be linked to asbestos exposure. There are several treatment options for people who suffer from Mesothelioma.

Mesothelioma is extremely damaging to the body because it is a cancer that attacks the Mesothelium. The Mesothelium is the membrane that covers and protects a majority of the organs in the body. There are two layers of protection that surround the organs. The first layer of Mesothelium lines the outside of the organs and the second layer forms a sac around the organ. The Mesothelium is responsible for producing a fluid that lubricates the organs, allowing them to move properly. For instance, the Mesothelium around the lungs allow for the expansion and contraction of the lungs with each breath. The Mesothelium around the heart allows for it move with each beat.

Almost all of the organs in the body are covered with Mesothelium. However, the name can change depending on which organ is being discussed. For instance, the Mesothelium around most of the organs in the abdominal cavity is called the peritoneum. Around the heart, it is called the pericardium, and the tissue that surrounds the lungs is called the pleura.

When cancer begins in the Mesothelium, it is referred to as Mesothelioma. This cancer is linked to asbestos exposure. It causes the cells in this tissue to multiply and change, and the tissue becomes unable to do its job properly. This type of cancer is so dangerous because it can quickly spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. The cancer can also get into the organs from the Mesothelium and cause organ damage and failure in a short period of time.

In most cases, Mesothelioma begins in the pleura or the peritoneum. Each and every year, over 2,000 new cases of Mesothelioma are diagnosed. Treatment options are improving as research is done and the condition continues to be studied. However, there is no cure for Mesothelioma at this time.

This disease is more common in men than it is in women, however; both sexes are at risk. It also tends to be more prevalent in older people, although that is not always the case. The most common risk factor of Mesothelioma is the exposure to asbestos. However, there do seem to be exceptions to this. Cases have been reported with no known exposure to asbestos at all.

Early diagnosis and treatment are the best options for treating this fast and furious cancer. There is hope for people suffering from Mesothelioma. Consulting a specialist is the best way to begin the proper course of treatment.